Facial trauma, or maxillofacial trauma, is any physical injury to the face and associated structures. It can involve soft tissue injuries such as burns or lacerations, bruises and/or fractures of the facial bones such as nasal fractures and fractures of the upper and lower jaw.
Facial injuries have the potential to cause disfigurement and loss of function and sometimes have serious sequelae. Contrary to elsewhere in the body, trauma to the face requires much consideration so that incisions made to repair the facial bones are hidden in shadows and inconspicuous areas such as intra-oral approach (inside of the mouth), transconjunctival approach (inside of the eyelid) and coronal approach (hidden in the hairline)
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